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International AIDS Society

Track D - Implementation Science and Operational Research



Scaling Up Services for Prevention, Care, Treatment Services: Infrastructure and Models For Delivery

D1 Impact evaluation of different models of service delivery (cost effectiveness of different strategies, comparative effectiveness studies)
D2 Integrating prevention interventions with care/treatment services including new models of service delivery
D3 Provider and facility characteristics that determine clinical and prevention outcomes
D4 Methods to improve provider quality, supply and targeting of services (e.g. pay for performance, conditional promotions, user quality assessments)
D5 Health care workers (including volunteers): training, mentoring, retaining, task shifting and ensuring occupational safety
D6 Methods to increase demand for services for prevention and care (e.g. incentives, peer promotion, phone-base communication)
D7 Interventions to improve long-term adherence to treatment and biomedical prevention
D8 Strategies to increase linkage to HIV care among those in need
D9 Engaging community in service delivery highlighting models for greater and more meaningful involvement of PLHIVs in HIV and AIDS response
D10 Models of private-public partnerships for prevention, treatment, care and support (service delivery, financing)


Interventions to Increase Uptake and Retention in Care and Prevention Programmes: Focus on Specific Intervention

D11 Operational challenges in implementing test and treat strategy
D12 Feasibility of treatment as prevention in various socio-economic setting and key populations (MSM, FSWs, PWID, etc.)
D13 Operational challenges and feasibility of PMTCT option B+ in various contexts
D14 Interventions to improve retention in the PMTCT cascade, including early infant diagnosis
D15 Strategies to improve outcomes in HIV-infected children (e.g. nutritional and other kinds of social support, child counselling services, disclosure and measures to improve adherence)


Integration of HIV Services with Other Health and Development Services

D16 Feasibility, cost effectiveness and impact of various strategies to integrate HIV interventions with other health programs (TB, RCH/MCH, NCD, IMNCI, malaria)
D17 Integrating HIV services with other development programmes (poverty reduction, education, water and hygiene, nutrition)


Accuracy, Feasibility, Cost and Utility of Laboratory Tests Including Point-Of-Care Diagnostics

D18 Scale up of early infant diagnosis and paediatric treatment: feasibility and operational issues
D19 Impact of introducing point-of-care technologies
D20 Strategies to increase access to viral load measurements
D21 Optimizing the use of clinical lab monitoring in low resources setting


Sustainable Financing

D22 National and international financing initiatives, including cross national comparisons of financing initiatives
D23 Impact of donor agencies policies on national response
D24 Impact of financial crises on the HIV funding and response
D25 Leveraging global health initiative funds for strengthening other health outcomes and health systems
D26 Building country ownership in HIV care and prevention


Health Systems Strengthening: Structural Pillars

D27 Linking operational and implementation research to changes in policy and practice
D28 Capacity building initiatives for implementation science and operational research
D29 HIV/AIDS data management information and electronic systems for monitoring and evaluation, to facilitate uptake of services and improve outcomes



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